Background: Phytoremediation, defined as the use of green plants and algae to remove
pollutants from the environment represents one of the most globally researched issues
and is becoming a subject of intense public and scientific interest and a topic of many
recent reviews. Microalgae rapidly colonizing lakes and waterways attract significant
attention because of their unprecedented growth rates, bioremediation capacity and
Methods: Physical, chemical and biochemical methods related to treatment and
analysis of wastewater components is reviewed.
Results: This review describes microalgal-assisted bioremediation of wastewaters, and highlights recent developments in
efficient treatment of wide spectrum of pollutants.
Conclusion: The involvement of microalgae in bioremediation has been well studied and in almost all instances
microalgae have achieved the investigators expectations. Apart from playing an important role in controlling,
biomonitoring of organic and inorganic pollutants in aquatic ecosystems microalgae can play role in bioremediating and
restoration of polluted ecosystems.