Autism: Pathophysiology and Promising Herbal Remedies

Author(s): Mahmoud Bahmani, Amir Sarrafchi, Hedayatollah Shirzad, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 22 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Abstract:

Autism is a comprehensive growth abnormality in which social skills, language, communication, and behavioral skills are developed with delay and as diversionary. The reasons for autism are unclear, but various theories of genetics, immunity, biological, and psychosocial factors have been proffered. In fact, autism is a complex disorder with distinct causes that usually co-occur. Although no medicine has been recognized to treat this disorder, pharmacological treatments can be effective in reducing its signs, such as self-mutilation, aggression, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors, inattention, hyperactivity, and sleeping disorders. Recently, complementary and alternative approaches have been considered to treat autism. Ginkgo biloba is one of the most effective plants with an old history of applications in neuropsychological disorders which recently is used for autism. The present review discusses the recent findings, pathophysiology, and etiology of autism and thereafter addresses the promising results of herbal remedies.

Keywords: Autism, children, herbal medicines, ginkgo biloba.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2016
Page: [277 - 285]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666151112151529
Price: $58

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