From Mind to Body: Is Mental Practice Effective on Strength Gains? A Meta-Analysis

Author(s): João Paulo Manochio, Eduardo Lattari, Eduardo Matta Mello Portugal, Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Flávia Paes, Henning Budde, Paulo de Tarso Veras Farinatti, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Mirko Wegner, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Gioia Mura, Nuno Barbosa Ferreira Rocha, Leonardo Ferreira Almada, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Ti-Fei Yuan, Sergio Machado.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 9 , 2015

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Abstract:

Mental practice is an internal reproduction of a motor act (whose intention is to promote learning and improving motor skills). Some studies have shown that other cognitive strategies also increase the strength and muscular resistance in healthy people by the enhancement of the performance during dynamic tasks. Mental training sessions may be primordial to improving muscle strength in different subjects. The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analiyze studies that assessed whether mental practice is effective in improving muscular strength. We conducted an electronic-computed search in Pub-Med/Medline and ISI Web of Knowledge, Scielo and manual searchs, searching papers written in English between 1991 and 2014. There were 44 studies in Pub-Med/Medline, 631 in ISI Web of Knowledge, 11 in Scielo and 3 in manual searchs databases. After exclusion of studies for duplicate, unrelated to the topic by title and summary, different samples and methodologies, a meta-analysis of 4 studies was carried out to identify the dose-response relationship. We did not find evidence that mental practice is effective in increasing strength in healthy individuals. There is no evidence that mental practice alone can be effective to induce strength gains or to optimize the training effects.

Keywords: Mental practice, motor imagery, imagery, strength training, resistance training, muscle strength, strength.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2015
Page: [1145 - 1151]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1871527315666151111125847
Price: $58

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