Folic Acid Can Contribute to Memory Deficit and Na+, K+- ATPase Failure in the Hippocampus of Adolescent Rats Submitted to Hypoxia- Ischemia

Author(s): Jaqueline Vieira Carletti, Bruna Ferrary Deniz, Joseane Jiménez Rojas, Patrícia Maidana Miguel, Janaína Kolling, Emilene Barros Scherer, Angela Teresinha de Souza Wyse, Carlos Alexandre Netto, Lenir Orlandi Pereira.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - CNS & Neurological Disorders)

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2016

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Abstract:

Recent findings have demonstrated a dual effect of the folic acid (FA) supplementation on the nervous system of rats. We found that FA treatment prevented memory impairment and Na+, K+- ATPase inhibition in the striatum and cortex in adult rats that suffered neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI). However, spatial memory deficit has been associated with FA supplementation. In the present study we investigated the role of FA supplementation on spatial memory and Na+, K+-ATPase activity in the hippocampus, as well as on morphologic alterations in adolescent rats submitted to neonatal HI. Wistar rats of both sexes at postnatal day (PND) 7 were submitted to Levine-Rice HI procedure. Intraperitoneal doses of FA were administered immediately before HI and repeated daily until the maximum PND 40. Hippocampal volume and striatum area were estimated and Na+, K+-ATPase activity in the hippocampus was measured at PND 31. Also, the performance of the animals in the water maze was assessed and Na+, K+-ATPase activity measured again at PND 52. Interestingly, HI and FA resulted in spatial memory deficits in the Morris water maze and the Na+, K+-ATPase activity was impaired at PND 31 in HI rats which received FA. Additionally, Na+, K+-ATPase activity in adulthood showed a decrease after HI and a recovery in supplemented animals. Hippocampal and striatal atrophy were partially reversed by FA. To conclude, the present results support the hypothesis that FA supplementation during development contributes to memory deficits caused by HI and Na+, K+-ATPase failure in adolescent rats, although, in adulthood, FA has been effective in reversing enzymatic activity in the hippocampus.

Keywords: Behavior, brain damage, folate, perinatal asphyxia, spatial memory, vitamin supplementation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2016
Page: [64 - 72]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1871527315666151110125227

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