A Pilot Study to Assess Adenosine 5’-triphosphate Metabolism in Red Blood Cells as a Drug Target for Potential Cardiovascular Protection

Author(s): Pollen K.F. Yeung, Jodi Tinkel, Dena Seeto.

Journal Name: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2015

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Abstract:

Objective: To study the effect of exercise preconditioning on adenosine 5’triphosphate (ATP) metabolism in red blood cells and cardiovascular protection against injury induced by isoproterenol in vivo.

Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats (SDR) were each exercised on a treadmill for 15 minutes at 10 m/min and 10% grade (n = 7) (LowEx), or 14 m/min and 22% grade (n = 8) (VigEx). Two hours after the exercise, each rat received a single dose of isoproterenol (30 mg/kg) by subcutaneous (sc) injection. Two separate groups of SDR were used as control: One received no exercise (n = 10) (NoEx) and the other received no exercise and no isoproterenol (n = 11) (NoIso). Serial blood samples were collected over 5 hours for measurement of ATP and its catabolites by a validated HPLC. Hemodynamic recording was collected continuously for the duration of the experiment. Data were analysed using ANOVA and t-tests and difference considered significant at p < 0.05.

Results: Exercise pre-conditioning (both LowEx and VigEx) reduced mortality after isoproterenol from 50% to < 30% (p > 0.05). It attenuated the rebound in blood pressure significantly (p < 0.05 between NoEx vs VigEx), attenuated the increase of RBC adenosine 5’-monophosphate (AMP) concentrations induced by isoproterenol, and also decreased the breakdown of ATP to AMP in the RBC ( p < 0.05 vs NoEx).

Conclusion: Exercise pre-conditioning decreased the blood pressure rebound and also breakdown of ATP in RBC after isoproterenol which may be exploited further as a drug target for cardiovascular protection and prevention.

Keywords: ATP, cardiovascular protection, exercise preconditioning, hemodynamic, RBC, target, toxicity, rats.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2015
Page: [224 - 232]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1871529X15666151102102702

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