Control of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease among Multinational Patient Population in the Arabian Gulf

Author(s): Ibrahim Al-Zakwani , Wael Al-Mahmeed , Mohamed Arafah , Ali T. Al-Hinai , Abdullah Shehab , Omer Al-Tamimi , Mahmoud Al-Awadhi , Shorook Al-Herz , Faisal Al-Anazi , Khalid Al-Nemer , Othman Metwally , Akram Al-Khadra , Mohammed Fakhry , Hossam Elghetany , Abdel R. Medani , Afzal H. Yusufali , Obaid Al-Jassim , Omar Al-Hallaq , Fahad O.A.S. Baslaib , Haitham Amin , Raul D. Santos , Khalid Al-Waili , Khamis Al-Hashmi , Khalid Al-Rasadi .

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Abstract:

We evaluated the control of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the Centralized Pan-Middle East Survey on the undertreatment of hypercholesterolaemia (CEPHEUS) in the Arabian Gulf. Of the 4398 enrolled patients, overall mean age was 57 ± 11 years, 60% were males, 13% were smokers, 76% had diabetes, 71% had metabolic syndrome and 78% had very high ASCVD risk status. The proportion of subjects with body mass index <25 kg/m2, HbA1c <7% (in diabetics), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <2.6 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) and <1.8 mmol/L (70 mg/dL) for high and very high ASCVD risk cohorts, respectively and controlled blood pressure (<140/90 mmHg) was 14, 26, 31% and 60%, respectively. Only 1.4% of the participants had all of their CVD risk factors controlled with significant differences among the countries (P < .001). CVD risk goal attainment rates were significantly lower in those with very high ASCVD risk compared with those with high ASCVD risk status (P < .001). Females were also, generally, less likely to attain goals when compared with males (P < .001).

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, obesity, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, non-HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, Arabian Gulf.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2016
Page: [374 - 381]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1570161113666151026115921

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