Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths, such as accidental
suffocation and strangulation in bed and ill-defined deaths, account for >4000 deaths annually
in the USA. Evidence-based recommendations for reducing the risk of sleep-related deaths have been
published, but some caregivers resist adoption of these recommendations. Multiple interventions to
change infant sleep-related practices of parents and professionals have been implemented. In this review,
we will discuss illustrative examples of safe infant sleep interventions and evidence of their effectiveness. Facilitators
of and barriers to change, as well as the limitations of the data currently available for these interventions, will be considered.
Keywords: Infant mortality, intervention, sleep safety, sudden infant death syndrome.
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