Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Eye Conditions (Ophtalmology): Safety Profile

Author(s): Piergiorgio Neri , Ilir Arapi , Michele Nicolai , Vittorio Pirani , Andrea Saitta , Michele M. Luchetti , Alfonso Giovannini , Cesare Mariotti .

Journal Name: Current Drug Safety

Volume 11 , Issue 1 , 2016

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Abstract:

Non-infectious uveitis can be a potentially sight threatening disease. Very recently, therapeutic strategies have turned towards a new methodology, which includes biologic agents. The introduction of biologic drugs has started a Copernican revolution in ophthalmology: biologic therapies represent a revolutionary option for those patients who present non-responder, sight threatening uveitis. The availability of these therapies has improved the uveitis outcome. The present review shows the most relevant medical literature on biologic agents in ophthalmology, such as tumor necrosis factor blockers, anti-interleukins and other related biologics. Several papers reported the efficacy of biologic agents in a large number of refractory uveitides, which suggest a promising role of biologic drugs for selected cases. On the other hand, the medical literature does not have consistent numbers yet, which hopefully will validate the promising preliminary results. Biologic agents are not only promising drugs for the treatment of nonresponder uveitis, but also they show an apparently favourable safety profile, although several topics remain unsolved: it is still not clear when commencing the treatment, which agent to choose, and the length of biologic therapy. Moreover, the high costs and the still not clear safety profile have very often limited their use only for severe, non-responder uveitis in highly specialized uveitis centres.

Keywords: Biologics, immunosuppression, uveitis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2016
Page: [47 - 54]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1574886310666151014114925

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