MI-NODES Multiscale Models of Metabolic Reactions, Brain Connectome, Ecological, Epidemic, World Trade, and Legal-Social Networks

Author(s): Aliuska Duardo-Sanchez, Humberto Gonzalez-Diaz, Alejandro Pazos.

Journal Name: Current Bioinformatics

Volume 10 , Issue 5 , 2015

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Abstract:

Complex systems and networks appear in almost all areas of reality. We find then from proteins residue networks to Protein Interaction Networks (PINs). Chemical reactions form Metabolic Reactions Networks (MRNs) in living beings or Atmospheric reaction networks in planets and moons. Network of neurons appear in the worm C. elegans, in Human brain connectome, or in Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). Infection spreading networks exist for contagious outbreaks networks in humans and in malware epidemiology for infection with viral software in internet or wireless networks. Social-legal networks with different rules evolved from swarm intelligence, to hunter-gathered societies, or citation networks of U.S. Supreme Court. In all these cases, we can see the same question. Can we predict the links based on structural information? We propose to solve the problem using Quantitative Structure-Property Relationship (QSPR) techniques commonly used in chemo-informatics. In so doing, we need software able to transform all types of networks/graphs like drug structure, drug-target interactions, protein structure, protein interactions, metabolic reactions, brain connectome, or social networks into numerical parameters. Consequently, we need to process in alignment-free mode multitarget, multiscale, and multiplexing, information. Later, we have to seek the QSPR model with Machine Learning techniques. MI-NODES is this type of software. Here we review the evolution of the software from chemoinformatics to bioinformatics and systems biology. This is an effort to develop a universal tool to study structure-property relationships in complex systems.

Keywords: QSPR models in complex networks, drug-target networks, metabolic networks, brain connectome, social networks, world trade, US supreme court citation networks, Spain’s financial law.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2015
Page: [692 - 713]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/1574893610666151008013413
Price: $58

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