The study aimed to evaluate the antiradical and antimicrobial (antibacterial and antifungal)
potentials of ethanol mycelial extracts of selected Ganoderma species and strains and to define interand
intraspecies diversity among Ganoderma species and strains. Ganoderma lucidum strains were
good DPPH• scavengers (neutralizing up to 57.12% radicals), contrary to G. applanatum (20.35%) and
G. carnosum (17.04%). High correlations between the activities and contents of total phenols in the extracts
showed that these compounds were carriers of the activity. Results obtained by both discdiffusion
and microdilution methods indicated that the extract of G. lucidum BEOFB 433 was the most
potent antibacterial agent that inhibited growth of almost all bacterial species at a concentration of
1.0 mg/mL. Salmonella typhimurium was the most sensitive species to the mycelium extracts. Extracts of G. lucidum BEOFB
431 and BEOFB 434 showed the best antifungal activity since in concentration of 0.5 mg/mL inhibited the growth of
Aspergillus glaucus (BEOFB 431) and the growth of A. glaucus and Trichoderma viride (BEOFB 434). Extracts of G. applanatum
and G. lucidum BEOFB 431 had the strongest fungicidal effects, with lethal outcomes for A. glaucus and T. viride,
respectively, being noted at a concentration of 1.17 mg/mL. Aspergillus niger was proved as the most resistant species.
Keywords: Submerged mycelia, Ganoderma, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, antiradical activity, mycelial extracts.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport