Objective: This study seeks to examine the applicability of the Dual-Process Model of Ideology,
Politics, and Prejudice (DPM) as a theoretical explanatory frame-work to ageism.
Methods: The study is based on a secondary analysis of the European Social Survey (ESS), a quantitative
project established in 2001 that includes 34 European countries. The sample was a representative
random sample of the adult population of eight participating countries, and included a total of 19,073
Main Findings: In general, this study’s findings point to the fact that no statistically significant correlation
exists between the personality variables, whether authoritative or social dominant, and ageism.
Principal Conclusions: It appears that the theoretical framework of the DPM model may not be appropriate as a theoretical
and explanatory model of the phenomenon of ageism. This may indicate that ageism possibly differs from similar social
phenomena, such as sexism and racism, at least in its DPM model basis. More research is needed in this field to better
understand the applicability of the DPM model to ageism.