A Complete Degradation of Organophosphates by Microwave-Assisted Hydrolysis

Author(s): Petr Jansa, Lucie Cechova, Zlatko Janeba.

Journal Name: Current Microwave Chemistry

Volume 3 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Organophosphates form the basis of many well-known insecticides, herbicides, drugs and nerve agents. Since they belong to the most pervasive synthetic chemicals, a highly efficient method for their degradation has been searched for.

Methods: Recently, an efficient microwave-assisted hydrolysis of phosphonate diesters to the corresponding phosphonic acids has been developed. This novel method, employing inexpensive aqueous hydrochloric acid, has been used to study hydrolytic degradation of organophosphates.

Results: The course of the hydrolysis under microwave irradiation was studied on diethyl chlorophosphate, diisopropyl chlorophosphate and paraoxon as model compounds. Subsequently, the complete hydrolysis to benign phosphoric acid has been demonstrated on 20 toxic organophosphates.

Conclusion: The described methodology represents an efficient and environmentally friendly procedure for the degradation of toxic organophosphates with wide range of possible applications, including water detoxification and purification.

Keywords: Hydrolysis, microwave, organophosphates, paraoxon, phosphoric acid, water detoxification.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2016
Page: [219 - 226]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/2213335602666150917184045
Price: $58

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