Engineering Human Urate Oxidase: Towards Reactivating It as an Important Therapeutic Enzyme

Author(s): Fatemeh Dabbagh, Mohammad B. Ghoshoon, Shiva Hemmati, Mozhdeh Zamani, Milad Mohkam, Younes Ghasemi.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 17 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Urate oxidase is considered as an important therapeutic enzyme used to control hyperuricemia. In spite of widespread distribution in numerous (micro)organisms, active urate oxidase is absent in higher primates (humans and apes) due to gene mutations. Considering the therapeutic significance of urate oxidase, further understanding on the inactivation process of the enzyme during primate evolution is critical. This study, therefore, aims to express genetically modified human urate oxidase in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Accordingly, the genetically modified human urate oxidase was successfully expressed intracellularly and extracellularly under the control of an alcohol oxidase promoter and was subjected to the enzyme activity assay. The results demonstrated that reactivating the non-functional human urate oxidase gene fully or even moderately by simply replacing the premature stop codons is impossible. This finding confirms the idea that a number of successive loss-of-function missense mutations occurred during evolution, making higher primates functional uricase-deficit and vulnerable to hyperuricemic disorders.

Keywords: Expression, hominoid evolution, Pichia pastoris, pseudogene, urate oxidase, uricase.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [141 - 146]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389201016666150907113055
Price: $58

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