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In order to face different occupational risk, different industries such as
Aerospace, Chemical, Oil and gas, Railways, Nuclear has established standards
guidelines. In fact, some of such standard is a guideline for all industries like OHASA
18001 which address the Safety and Occupational Health management or IEC 61508
which address the safety integrity level. By the other way round, the specific standard
area applied to risk management in different industries like SCR05 which addresses risk
management in oil and gas industry or the nuclear safety case that also focus on risk
management. In general terms, all those standards are a good guideline to support safety
and occupational management in different industries. Even though, it’s important to
have in mind that such standards do not reflect the best practices to mitigate the risk in
many cases. Indeed, the companies all over the word must to make all effort to apply
the best practices to achieve high effectiveness in their safety and occupational
management applying the standards as a baseline. This chapter aims to demonstrate the
main standards applied to the most relevant industries in term of risk.
Risk, OHSAS 18001, SCR05, Safety case applied to the nuclear
industry, EN 51026, Key program asset integrity, IEC 61508.
Production Engineering Department - LATEC, Federal Fluminense University, Brazil.