Role of Nanotechnology in Delivery of Protein and Peptide Drugs

Author(s): Sushilkumar Patil, Imran Vhora, Jitendra Amrutiya, Rohan Lalani, Ambikanandan Misra.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 21 , Issue 29 , 2015

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Abstract:

The advent of recombinant DNA technology and computational designing has fueled the emergence of proteins and peptides as a new class of modern therapeutics such as vaccines, antigens, antibodies and hormones. Demand for such therapeutics has increased recently due to their distinct pharmacodynamic characteristics of specificity of action and high potency. However, their potential clinical applications are often hindered by involvement of factors which impact their therapeutic potential negatively. Large size, low permeability, conformational fragility, immunogenicity, metabolic degradation and short half-life results in poor bioavailability and inferior efficacy. These challenges have encouraged researchers to devise strategies for effective delivery of proteins and peptides. Recent advances made in nanotechnology are being sought to overcome aforesaid problems and to offer advantages such as higher drug loading, improved stability, sustained release, amenability for non-parenteral administration and targeting through surface modifications. This review focuses on elaborating the role of nanotechnology based formulations and associated challenges in protein and peptide delivery, their clinical outlook and future perspective.

Keywords: Proteins, peptides, stability, nanocarrier, bioavailability, immunogenicity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 29
Year: 2015
Page: [4155 - 4173]
Pages: 19
DOI: 10.2174/1381612821666150901095722
Price: $58

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