Objectives: Polyphenols constitute the major component in green tea, which represent
a cluster known as catechins. The presence of polyphenols, especially the amino acid
theanine and catechins with its antioxidant properties in green tea make them ideal for medicinal-
dental applications. The objective of the paper is to delineate the role of green tea
polyphenols in periodontal disease. Methods: The Pub med data base was searched for human
clinical studies, reviews pertinent to application of green tea polyphenols in periodontal
health dating from Sep 1980- Sep 2014. Results: The retrieved inference from the epidemiological surveys,
in vitro studies and overviews of polyphenols, postulate green tea as potential natural antioxidant. Green tea
mouthwashes possess limitations, which make them ineffective during the chronic stages of periodontitis.
Human studies reveal that the prognosis of periodontal disease is better when the green tea catechins are used
via local drug delivery. Conclusion: The maintenance of periodontal health could be enhanced by emphasizing
the habit of drinking green tea in periodontitis patients. The future scope of the research demands the
analysis of polyphenols at molecular level to have a better understanding of its overwhelming applications.
Keywords: Antioxidant, epigallocatechin gallate, green tea, periodontitis, periodontal health, polyphenols,
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