Background: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a special fatty acid in dairy products with
unique antioxidant and anti-cancerous effects. Kefir, a milk product, comprises normalized homogenized
cow's milk, the fructose and lactulose syrup as well as a symbiotic starter which has improved probiotic characteristics.
The study was aimed to discuss patents and to examine the effect of different safflower oil concentrations on CLA
content of the kefir drink prepared by low-fat milk.
Material and Methods: Safflower oil was added at 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5% (V/V) to low-fat cow's milk and six formulations of
kefir samples were prepared. The CLA content of the kefir products was measured at pH=6.0 and pH=6.8 by gas chromatography.
Acid and bile tolerance of bacterial microenvironment in the products were also determined.
Results: Substitution of natural fat content of milk with safflower oil resulted in proportional increase in the CLA contents
of kefir in a dose dependent manner. The highest concentration of CLA was found under 0.5% (V/V) of safflower oil at
pH 6.0 and temperature of 37°C. Adding the Safflower oil into milk used for kefir production, increased CLA content
from 0.123 (g/100g) in pure safflower free samples to 0.322 (g/100g) in samples with 0.5% (V/V) of safflower oil.
Conclusion: The current study revealed that substitution of safflower oil with natural fat of cow’s milk may help the production
of kefir samples with remarkable increase in CLA content of final product.