Differential Gene Expression of BRCA1, ERBB2 and TP53 Biomarkers between Human Breast Tissue and Peripheral Blood Samples of Breast Cancer Patients

Author(s): Abdulrazzaq Neamah Zghair, Deepak Kumar Sinha, Arkan Kassim, Mohmmad Alfaham, Anil K. Sharma.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Abstract:

Breast cancer is a most common malignancy especially in Iraqi women accounting for high morbidity and mortality. Mutations in BRCA1 gene is one of the important genetic predisposing factors inbreast cancer. Similarly ERBB2 and TP53 are also key prognostic markers in breast cancer treatment.We were interested to explore the gene expression profiles of BRCA1, ERBB2 and TP53 in breast cancer women patients from Iraq so as to assess the potential of such markers in breast cancer treatment. The mRNA levels were significantly over-expressed in tumor tissues in comparison to normal ones with p values (p<0.005) observed between malignant BRCA1 and control tissue samples. Similarly significant difference (p<0.001) was observed between malignant ERBB2 in comparison to control, and malignant TP53 and benign tissue samples as well. However in blood samples, no considerable expression of these markers was observed. Out of three selected genes, ERBB2 expression was significantly expressed in comparison to BRCA1 and TP53 in cancer tissue.

Mutation analysis of BRCA1, ERBB2 and TP53 has been made to find out the region most susceptible to mutations in these genes The BRCA1 exon 11, ERBB2 16 and TP53 exon 5 displayed increased chances of having mutations. We can conclude from the study that differential gene expression of BRCA1, ERBB2 and TP53 at mRNA levels may act as a diagnostic marker of circulating tumor cells having important prognostic value in breast cancer patients.

Keywords: Blood, breast cancer, BRCA1, ERBB2, gene expression, prognosis, tissue, TP53.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2016
Page: [519 - 525]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1871520615666150824150913
Price: $58

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