In Silico Analysis of Binding Interaction of Mamba Toxins with M4 and M2 Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors for Therapeutic Use in Alzheimer’s Disease

Author(s): Maleeha Waqar, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Sidra Batool.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - CNS & Neurological Disorders)

Volume 14 , Issue 8 , 2015

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Abstract:

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors are stimulated by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and are involved in various functions across the human body. These receptors have surfaced for their potential use as targets in treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Muscarinic receptors have been reported to show binding interaction with various mamba toxins, such as dendrotoxins and muscarinic toxins that act as antagonists of these receptors. Therefore, in our study we have focused on the binding analysis of these mamba toxins with the M4 and M2 muscarinic acetylcholine autoreceptors for their potential use as targets in treating cognitive symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease. A ligand dataset was developed that consisted of dendrotoxins and muscarinic toxins originating from various mamba species. Receptor dataset consisted of M4 and M2 muscarinic acetylcholine autoreceptors. Docking studies were performed using AutoDock 4.2 between these ligands with each receptor and further analysis was done using various computational tools. Docking experiments were performed and analyzed to check the binding compatibilities between mamba toxins and muscarinic acetylcholine autoreceptors. Detail analysis revealed that these ligands bind to active site residues of both receptors. Therefore by these in silico results, we suggest that the mamba toxins can be potential antagonists of the M4 and M2 muscarinic acetylcholine autoreceptors.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s, antagonists, autoreceptors, dendrotoxins, in silico, mamba toxins, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, muscarinic toxins, neurotransmitter.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2015
Page: [1031 - 1040]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1871527314666150821105816
Price: $58

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