Recent studies have shown that, in addition to its well-known erythropoietic effects,
erythropoietin has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and neurotrophic effects in different tissues
including the retina and optic nerve. In this review, we made a comprehensive search to define the
therapeutic potential of erythropoietin in retinal and optic nerve diseases that lead to blindness.
Keywords: Erythropoietin, erythropoietic effect, neuroprotective, optic neuritis, optic nerve, retina.
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