Normobaric Hyperoxia Preconditioning Induces Changes in the Brain Lipidome

Author(s): Masoumeh Faezi, Mohammad Reza Bigdeli, Fateme Mirzajani, Alireza Ghasempour.

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 12 , Issue 4 , 2015

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Abstract:

Recent investigations have demonstrated that normobaric hyperoxia induces neuroprotection against ischemic injury. The aim of study was to determine the survey of HO (hyperoxia) preconditioning on brain lipidome.The animals were assigned into three groups, the first experimental group was exposed to 95% inspired HO for 4 h /day for six consecutive days. The second experimental group considered as the control group and was exposed to 21% oxygen as room air (RA) in the same chamber. The third group acted as sham, which was under the stress of surgery condition without ischemia. The first two groups were divided into 2 subgroups, intact (without any surgery) and middle cerebral artery occlusion- operated (MCAO). Twenty-four hours after exposure to hyperoxia, MCAO subgroups were subjected to 60 min of right middle cerebral artery occlussion. After 24 h reperfusion, infarct volume (IV) and neurological deficit score (NDS) were assessed in MCAO subgroup. Brain lipidomics were measured in the intact subgroup. Preconditioning with HO significantly reduced NDS and IV and elevated the level of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), sphingomyelin (SM), cholesterol ester (CE), cholesterol (Chol), phosphatidylcholine (PC), triglyceride (TG) and cerebroside (CB) in the brain as compared with the control (sham and RA). HO preconditioning, significantly decreased the brain ceramide (Cer) and lyso- phosphatidylcholine (Lyso-PC or LPC) levels. Preconditioning with HO decreases brain ischemia injury via changes in brain lipidomics and significantly decreases the brain ceramides (CER).Although more studies are required to explain the mechanisms of time course of neuroprotection, HO preconditioning partly decreases brain ischemia injury via changes in brain lipidome.

Keywords: Brain ischemia, Lipidome, Neuroprotection, Normobaric hyperoxia, Preconditioning, Stroke.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2015
Page: [353 - 362]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1567202612666150819100746
Price: $58

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