Antibacterial Nucleoside Natural Products Inhibiting Phospho-MurNAc-Pentapeptide Translocase; Chemistry and Structure-Activity Relationship.

Author(s): S. Ichikawa, M. Yamaguchi, A. Matsuda.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 22 , Issue 34 , 2015

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Abstract:

The continued emergence of drug-resistance to existing antibacterial agents represents a severe and ongoing public health concern, which demands the discovery of new antibiotics. However the number of novel classes of antibacterial drugs launched in the clinic has been remarkably slow since the 1960s, and it is urgent to develop novel antibacterial agents to fight against drug-resistant bacterial pathogens. Peptidoglycan is a component of the bacterial cell wall, which consists of a repeated N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc) and Nacetylglucosamine (GluNAc) polymer cross-linked with polypeptides, and is a good target for antibacterial drug discovery. Among enzymes responsible for its biosynthesis, phospho-MurNAc-pentapeptide translocase (MraY) is a novel and promising target. Many nucleoside natural products, which strongly inhibit MraY, have been found in nature. This review will summarize the synthesis and biological properties of selected MraY inhibitory nucleoside natural products and their analogues synthesized in our laboratory and by others.

Keywords: Nucleoside antibiotics, MraY, natural products, antibacterial, drug-resistance, total synthesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 34
Year: 2015
Page: [3951 - 3979]
Pages: 29
DOI: 10.2174/0929867322666150818103502
Price: $58

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