Left Atrial Appendage Closure -The WATCHMAN Device

Author(s): Abhilash Akinapelli, Ojas Bansal, Jack P. Chen, Alex Pflugfelder, Nicole Gordon, Kenneth Stein, Barbara Huibregtse, Dongming Hou.

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 4 , 2015

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Abstract:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias seen in clinical cardiology practice. Patients with non-valvular AF have an approximately 5-fold increase in the risk of stroke, with an exponential increase with advancing age. Cardioembolic strokes carry a high mortality risk. Although the potential of warfarin to reduce systemic embolization in AF patients is well established, its use is difficult due to narrow therapeutic windows and additional complications (e.g. increased risk of bleeding), especially for aging patients. Therefore, alternative means of treatment to reduce stroke risk in these patients are needed. The left atrial appendage is the major source of thrombus formation in patients with non-valvular AF. The WATCHMAN device (Boston Scientific, MA) is a percutaneous left atrial appendage closure device which has been tested prospectively in multiple randomized trials. It offers a new stroke risk reduction option for high-risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who are seeking an alternative to long-term warfarin therapy. Based on the robust WATCHMAN clinical program which consists of numerous studies, with more than 2,400 patients and nearly 6,000 patient-years of follow-up, the WATCHMAN LAAC Device is approved by FDA. In this article we reviewed the preclinical studies and clinical trials, as well as the next generation of the device.

Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, left atrial appendage closure, WATCHMAN device.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2015
Page: [334 - 340]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X11666150805115822
Price: $58

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