Current Bioactive Compounds

Adriano Mollica
Department of Pharmacy, University ”G. d' Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara
Via dei Vestini 31
Chieti, 66100
Italy

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Biological Activity of Some Volatile Diterpenoids

Author(s): Dubravka Stanetic, Gerhard Buchbauer.

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Abstract:

The aim of this literature review is to investigate if volatile diterpenoids, a small group of compounds, found in some essential oils, have any of the various biological activities which are generally attributed to essential oils. The importance to emphasize is the fact, that in nature, the number of volatile and bio-active diterpenoids is very small. Different plant families have been investigated and their essential oils have been distilled, compounds were isolated and then analyzed. Almost all isolated diterpenoids showed to have cytotoxic, antioxidant or antimicrobial activities alone or more often in synergism with other essential oil compounds. For example labdane-type and abietane-type diterpenes have shown cytotoxicity against tumor cells and abietane-like compounds play an important role as antioxidants. For each isolated class of diterpenoids one or more biological activities can be observed.

Keywords: Biological properties, biosynthesis, essential oils, volatile diterpenoids.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [38 - 48]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/157340721101150804150419