This review deals with the promising newest carbon-based nanomaterial; Carbon Quantum Dots
(CQDs). CQDs demonstrate optoelectronic properties comparable to conventional inorganic semiconductors, however
are environmental friendly and benign. They possess complicated structures, particle sizes up to 10 nm and
upon surface passivation and/or functionalization their optoelectronic properties are critically improved and tuned.
Although there are a few recent reviews on this topic, the majority of them emphasize on CQDs applications or
even the synthetic procedures followed to acquire CQDs. In contrary, this review refers in brief to the aforementioned
and focuses on the surface passivation and functionalization routes and therefore the functional groups and
heteroatoms used for the development of high quality CQDs. Introduction and doping with appropriate heteroatoms
is the key point to tailor made features of CQDs and thus organic chemistry provides the vital background for the essential functionalizations.
Keywords: Carbon quantum dots, surface passivation, organic functionalization, fluorescence, luminescence, optoelectronic properties, synthesis,
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