The PLCO Biorepository: Creating, Maintaining, and Administering a Unique Biospecimen Resource

Author(s): Danielle M. Carrick, Amanda Black, John K. Gohagan, Asia Khan, Karen Pettit, Craig Williams, Kelly Yu, Susan Yurgalevitch, Wen-Yi Huang, Claire Zhu.

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 10 , Issue 3 , 2015

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Abstract:

Inclusion of biospecimens in population-based studies is an integral part of understanding disease etiology, identifying biomarkers and developing prevention and treatment strategies. The Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial collected, processed and stored biospecimens from participants to create a biorepository of specimens which serves as a useful resource for a broad research community. PLCO collected blood samples from consented screening arm participants at six screening rounds and a buccal sample from consented control arm participants. In addition, formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tumor tissue specimens were collected for participants in both arms for selected cancer sites. Collection of biospecimens at multiple timepoints (i.e. serial samples) and prior to cancer diagnosis, paired with rich epidemiologic and screening data, makes the PLCO collection of biospecimens a uniquely valuable resource. As such, access to the PLCO biorepository is granted to investigators by a rigorous scientific review process and guided by a steering committee which is responsible for developing and implementing the biospecimen use policies. Here, we describe the procedures for biospecimen collection, processing, storage, requisition, and distribution, as well as data management employed in PLCO. We also provide examples of how the biospecimens have been used to advance cancer research and describe relevant lessons learned to help inform cohorts wishing to add or modify biospecimen collection.

Keywords: Biorepository, biospecimen, blood, early marker, etiologic, PLCO, tissue.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2015
Page: [212 - 222]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1574887110666150730121429
Price: $58

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