Design of Reactive Surfactants that Control the Locomotion Mode of Cell-Sized Oil Droplets

Author(s): Taisuke Banno, Taro Toyota.

Journal Name: Current Physical Chemistry

Volume 5 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

The self-propelled motion of micrometer-sized oil droplets in nonequilibrium systems has attracted considerable attention as a primitive type of inanimate chemical machinery. We investigated the dynamics of n-heptyloxybenzaldehyde droplets in a cationic reactive surfactant solution with the objective of controlling the movement of self-propelled oil droplets. (1) We designed a novel molecular system that lengthened the locomotion time of oil droplets by using estercontaining cationic surfactants, (2) we evaluated the dynamics of oil droplets in a solution of a gemini cationic surfactant with various alkyl chain lengths in the linker to induce a locomotion mode change of the droplets and induce a conformational change in the flexible linked molecule, and (3) we examined the behavior of oil droplets in a microchannel in a solution containing a gemini cationic surfactant that has a carbonate linkage. These droplets exhibited two motions during the hydrolysis of the carbonate linkage, generating two surfactant species.

Keywords: Cationic surfactant, hydrolysis, ion-exchange reaction, nonequilibrium system, oil droplet, self-propelled motion.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [37 - 51]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1877946805666150729231330

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