Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) have been widely explored as carriers for drug delivery because of their large surface area, high near-infrared absorption coefficient and facile transport through cellular membranes. In this study, Lysine (Lys) modified SWNT-liposomes conjugate loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) was designed to enhance the targeted drug delivery and antitumor effect. The conjugate (DOX-Lys/SWNT-Lip) was prepared with pH gradient methods, and the mean particle size and drug entrapment efficiency were 223±5.9 nm and 85.9 %, respectively. In vitro drug release study showed that DOX released much slowly from DOX-Lys/SWNT-Lip than from DOX solution, but faster than that of DOX-Lys/SWNT. DOX-Lys/SWNT-Lip could efficiently cross the cell membrane and afford higher anti-tumor efficacy on MCF-7 cells in vitro. For in vivo experiment, normal saline (N.S.), and DOX or DOX-Lys/SWNTLip were given to the S180 tumor bearing mice by i.v. administration, and followed by exposing the tumor site to nearinfrared laser (NIR) irradiation at 808 nm for 2 min. The relative tumor volumes in DOX-Lys/SWNT-Lip group and DOX group were obviously smaller than those of N.S. group. When combined with NIR laser irradiation, the suppression on tumor growth was much stronger. In conclusion, this study may provide potentially viable clinical strategies for tumor treatment with chemotherapy and photothermal therapy dual-mechanism.
Keywords: Single-walled carbon nanotubes, liposomes, doxorubicin, photothermal therapy, near-infrared radiation, dualmechanism.
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