A new series of 1,2-disubstituted 4-phenylurazoles have been synthesized with aza-Michael
addition of 4-phenylurazole and different acrylic esters. It was found that, without basic media, no
reaction took place and the reactions proceeded easily in tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), an
ionic organic salt, under solvent-free conditions. The reactions were performed efficiently using 1,4-
diaza-bicyclo[2,2,2]octane (DABCO), as an inexpensive base, at 60°C and produced the desired
Michael adducts in good yields within 30-40 min. Surprisingly, no mono-Michael adducts were produced and bis-michael
adducts were the only products of the reactions.