Regioselectivity in the Ring Opening and Expansion of Unsymmetric Thietanes

Author(s): Wei Xu, Jiaxi Xu.

Journal Name: Current Organic Synthesis

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2016

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Abstract:

Thietanes are important intermediates in organic synthesis. They have been widely applied in the preparation of sulfur-containing compounds via ring-opening and ring expansion. They produce thiols and thioether derivatives via ring opening reactions and yield five- to eight-membered, even larger, heterocyclic compounds via ring expansions. Ring opening and expansion reactions include electrophilic and nucleophilic, oxidative and reductive, transition metals and acid-catalyzed, insertion, and photoirradiated processes. The ring opening and expansion reactions generally show good regioselectivity. The electronic effect plays a crucial role in controlling the regioselectivity in the ring opening and expansion reactions of unsymmetric thietanes invloving electropositive intermediates. The regioselectivities in various ring opening reactions and expansions of unsymmetric thietanes are summarized and discussed herein. Mechanisms on some of the important ring opening and expansion reactions of thietanes are introduced as well.

Keywords: Thietanes, heterocycle, four-membered ring, ring expansion, ring-opening, regioselectivity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2016
Page: [73 - 81]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1570179412999150723153005

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