Heterogeneous catalysis using sole metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) remains an immature field because
these MOFs have insufficient active sites. The “inorganic effect” allows MOFs to become solid supports to
immobilize polyoxometalates and metal nanoparticles, whereas the “organic effect” enables MOFs to function with
organic groups such as -NH2 and -SO3H. These functionalized MOFs can be applied in various reactions, such as
oxidation, hydrogenation, Knoevenagel condensation, dehydration, and hydrolysis. This review presents the catalytic
transformation of organic molecules and biomass derivatives with MOFs.
Keywords: Multi-catalysis, MOFs, organic synthesis, biomass conversion.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport