Getting an Insight into the Complexity of Major Chronic Inflammatory and Degenerative Diseases: A Potential New Systemic Approach to Their Treatment

Author(s): Pier M. Biava , Guido Norbiato .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 16 , Issue 9 , 2015

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Abstract:

As the modern society is troubled by multi-factorial diseases, research has been conducted on complex realities including chronic inflammation, cancer, obesity, HIV infection, metabolic syndrome and its detrimental cardiovascular complications as well as depression and other brain disorders. Deterioration of crucial homeostatic mechanisms in such diseases invariably results in activation of inflammatory mediators, chronic inflammation, loss in immunological function, increased susceptibility to diseases, alteration of metabolism, decrease of energy production and neuro-cognitive decline. Regulation of genes expression by epigenetic code is the dominant mechanism for the transduction of environmental inputs, such as stress and inflammation to lasting physiological changes. Acute and chronic stress determines DNA methylation and histone modifications in brain regions which may contribute to neuro-degenerative disorders. Nuclear glucocorticoids receptor interacts with the epigenoma resulting in a cortisol resistance status associated with a deterioration of the metabolic and immune functions. Gonadal steroids receptors have a similar capacity to produce epigenomic reorganization of chromatine structure. Epigenomic-induced reduction in immune cells telomeres length has been observed in many degenerative diseases, including all types of cancer. The final result of these epigenetic alterations is a serious damage to the neuro-endocrine-immune-metabolic adaptive systems. In this study, we propose a treatment with stem cells differentiation stage factors taken from zebrafish embryos which are able to regulate the genes expression of normal and pathological stem cells in a different specific way.

Keywords: Chronic inflammation, cytokines, glucocorticoids, glucocorticoid receptor, nuclear steroid receptor, neuroendocrine- lmmune-metabolic systems, epigenetic markers, cancer, brain, cardiovascular, obesity, HIV infection diseases, mesenchymal stem cells, stem cells differentiation stage factors.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2015
Page: [793 - 803]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/138920101609150715141308
Price: $58

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