Metallosurfactant aggregates have grasped a great attention of researchers worldwide owing
to their unique surface activity and catalytic efficiency. They serve themselves as perfect blends of
both surface science and metallo-organic chemistry. Metallosurfactant aggregates have a variety of
fascinating applications like in drug delivery, membrane mimetics, in various separation methods and
most importantly in catalytic cleavage of various toxic esters. Due to the resemblance in the catalytic
property of metallosurfactant aggregates with natural enzymes they are broadly employed as metalloenzyme
mimics for the hydrolysis of activated carboxylic esters, phosphate esters and amides in
general laboratory settings. This review summarizes the design and syntheses of metallosurfactant aggregates and their
role as proficient catalysts for the hydrolysis of different esters. Special emphasis is given toward the development of
structurally diverse surfactant type ligands and use of variety of metal ions specifically for the hydrolytic cleavage of carboxylate
and phosphate esters. Generally, the catalytic strengths of numerous synthesized metallosurfactant aggregates
have been quantized by exploring kinetic investigations. Hence, a brief account on the quantitative treatment of rate data
with the help of kinetic models has also been presented.
Keywords: Carboxylate esters, catalysis, hydrolysis, metallosurfactant aggregates, phosphate esters, vesicles.
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