Allyl alcohol has become an attractive feedstock for commercial
organic synthesis after the development and technical-scale implementation
of cost-effective methods for its manufacturing. Its major applications include
hydroformylation to obtain C4 aldehyde alcohols in the presence of catalytic
rhodium complexes, followed by their hydrogenation to 1,4-butanediol as the principal product. The development
of phosphine ligands that are used in the hydroformylation reaction and commercial processes to obtain
1,4-butanediol from allyl alcohol are discussed.
Keywords: Allyl alcohol, phosphine ligands, rhodium catalyst, hydroformylation, 1, 4-butanediol preparation.
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