Myocardial Energy Substrate Metabolism in Heart Failure : from Pathways to Therapeutic Targets

Author(s): Arata Fukushima, Kenneth Milner, Abhishek Gupta, Gary D. Lopaschuk.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 21 , Issue 25 , 2015

Abstract:

Despite recent advances in therapy, heart failure remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity and is a growing healthcare burden worldwide. Alterations in myocardial energy substrate metabolism are a hallmark of heart failure, and are associated with an energy deficit in the failing heart. Previous studies have shown that a metabolic shift from mitochondrial oxidative metabolism to glycolysis, as well as an uncoupling between glycolysis and glucose oxidation, plays a crucial role in the development of cardiac inefficiency and functional impairment in heart failure. Therefore, optimizing energy substrate utilization, particularly by increasing mitochondrial glucose oxidation, can be a potentially promising approach to decrease the severity of heart failure by improving mechanical cardiac efficiency. One approach to stimulating myocardial glucose oxidation is to inhibit fatty acid oxidation. This review will overview the physiological regulation of both myocardial fatty acid and glucose oxidation in the heart, and will discuss what alterations in myocardial energy substrate metabolism occur in the failing heart. Furthermore, lysine acetylation has been recently identified as a novel post-translational pathway by which mitochondrial enzymes involved in all aspects of cardiac energy metabolism can be regulated. Thus, we will also discuss the effect of acetylation of metabolic enzymes on myocardial energy substrate preference in the settings of heart failure. Finally, we will focus on pharmacological interventions that target enzymes involved in fatty acid uptake, fatty acid oxidation, transcriptional regulation of fatty acid oxidation, and glucose oxidation to treat heart failure.

Keywords: Glucose oxidation, heart failure, metabolic therapy, myocardial fatty acid oxidation, obesity, post-translational modification.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 25
Year: 2015
Page: [3654 - 3664]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612821666150710150445
Price: $58

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