Antimicrobial Peptides and their Pore/Ion Channel Properties in Neutralization of Pathogenic Microbes

Author(s): Shruti Sharma , Nirakar Sahoo , Anirban Bhunia .

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2016

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

The essence of successful antimicrobial chemotherapy lies in selective toxicity of the agent towards the pathogen. An ideal antimicrobial agent should kill pathogens effectively with little or no effect on host cells. There is a dearth of antibiotic and antimicrobial therapies due the rapid development of microbial resistance to these agents, as evidenced by increasing incidences of hospital acquired infections. This challenge necessitates the discovery and development of novel and effective antimicrobial agents. One promising approach is Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs), which are synthesized by a large number of organisms. The presence of AMPs throughout evolution hints at their importance. The first and foremost interaction between AMPs and target cell occurs at the membrane of the pathogen. The details about these interactions will pave way for the development of new synthetic analogues or modified analogues of existing AMPs. Mechanistic insights into adoption of different structures in presence of bacterial membranes (and with their specific targets) will enhance our understanding and knowledge about these agents and their detailed mechanism of action. AMPs interact with lipids and form lipid-AMP complexes that create AMP-lined ion channels, which in turn modulate the membrane potential. This may have an effect on various biological processes leading to arrest of cell growth or cell death. This review summarizes the ion channel formation property of AMPs as an effective approach in dealing with neutralization of pathogenic microbes.

Keywords: Antimicrobial peptides, Ion channels, Indolocidin, Magainin, Pathogen killing.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2016
Page: [46 - 53]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1568026615666150703115454

Article Metrics

PDF: 70
HTML: 4
EPUB: 1