Chemoinformatics Approach for Building Molecular Networks from Marine Organisms
Krishna Pillai Padmakumar.
Natural products obtained from marine sources are considered to be a rich and diverse source of potential
drugs. In the present work we demonstrate the use of chemoinformatics approach for the design of new molecules inspired
by molecules from marine organisms. Accordingly we have assimilated information from two major scientific domains
namely chemoinformatics and biodiversity informatics to develop an interactive marine database named MIMMO
(Medicinally Important Molecules from Marine Organisms). The database can be queried for species, molecules,
scaffolds, drugs, diseases and associated cumulative biological activity spectrum along with links to the literature
resources. Molecular informatics analysis of the molecules obtained from MIMMO was performed to study their chemical
space. The distinct skeletal features of the biologically active compounds isolated from marine species were identified.
Scaffold molecules and species networks were created to identify common scaffolds from marine source and drug space.
An analysis of the entire molecular data revealed a unique list of around 2000 molecules from which ten most frequently
occurring distinct scaffolds were obtained.
Keywords: Chemoinformatics, drug design, marine, virtual library.
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