Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening

Rathnam Chaguturu 
iDDPartners, 3 Edith Court
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ChemScreener: A Distributed Computing Tool for Scaffold based Virtual Screening

Author(s): Muthukumarasamy Karthikeyan, Deepak Pandit, Renu Vyas.

Abstract:

In this work we present ChemScreener, a Java-based application to perform virtual library generation combined with virtual screening in a platform-independent distributed computing environment. ChemScreener comprises a scaffold identifier, a distinct scaffold extractor, an interactive virtual library generator as well as a virtual screening module for subsequently selecting putative bioactive molecules. The virtual libraries are annotated with chemophore-, pharmacophore- and toxicophore-based information for compound prioritization. The hits selected can then be further processed using QSAR, docking and other in silico approaches which can all be interfaced within the ChemScreener framework. As a sample application, in this work scaffold selectivity, diversity, connectivity and promiscuity towards six important therapeutic classes have been studied. In order to illustrate the computational power of the application, 55 scaffolds extracted from 161 anti-psychotic compounds were enumerated to produce a virtual library comprising 118 million compounds (17 GB) and annotated with chemophore, pharmacophore and toxicophore based features in a single step which would be non-trivial to perform with many standard software tools today on libraries of this size.

Keywords: Scaffold extraction, therapeutic category, virtual library generation, virtual screening.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2015
Page: [544 - 561]
Pages: 18
DOI: 10.2174/1386207318666150703112242
Price: $58