Brain Protection During Repair for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection
Pp. 173-210 (38)
Meng-Ta Tsai and Chwan-Yau Luo
Brain protection is a critical issue in distal reconstruction of acute type A aortic
dissection, during which the open anastomosis within the aortic arch inevitably requires
temporary exclusion of the cerebral blood flow. Several brain protection strategies, either by
decreasing brain metabolism or by supplying the brain with oxygenated blood, have been
developed and widely investigated. This chapter reviews the history, rationale, experimental
studies, and clinical results of different brain protection strategies. Their individual pros and
cons, clinical comparative results, and evolving trends are discussed.
Antegrade cerebral perfusion, Bilateral, Brachial artery cannulation,
Carotid artery cannulation, Cerebral protection, Deep, Distal perfusion, Hypothermic
circulatory arrest: Profound, Innominate artery cannulation, Mild, Moderate,
Neurocognitive deficit, Open anastomosis, Permanent neurologic deficit, Retrograde
cerebral perfusion, Right axillary artery cannulation, Spinal cord protection,
Transient neurologic deficit, Unilateral, Visceral organ protection.
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital and College of Medicine, 138 Sheng-Li Road, Tainan 704, Taiwan.