Curious (Old and New) Antiviral Nucleoside Analogues with Intriguing Therapeutic Potential

Author(s): Erik De Clercq.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 22 , Issue 34 , 2015

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Abstract:

In the current context of antiviral drug development, which has been traditionally dominated by herpesviruses, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), a new viral target has been recently gained unforeseen attention, Ebola virus. Ten nucleoside analogues, or categories thereof, are reviewed for their therapeutic potential as antiviral drugs: (i) BCX4430, a C-nucleoside; (ii) 4’-azido-, 4’-cyano-, and 4’-ethynyl derivatives; (iii) 4’-thionucleosides; (iv) cordycepin (3’-deoxyadeosine); (v) pyrazofurin, another C-nucleoside; (vi) neplanocin A analogues; (vii) EICAR, a ribavirin analogue; (viii) GR-92938X, a double carboxamide; (ix) sofosbuvir (Solvaldi®), a 2’-C-methylnucleoside; and (x) favipiravir (T-705), a pyrazine analogue.

Keywords: 2’-C-methyl, 4’-azido- and 4’-cyano substituents, 4’-ethynyl, 4-thionucleoside, C-nucleoside, carboxamide, pyrazine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 34
Year: 2015
Page: [3866 - 3880]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/0929867322666150625094705
Price: $58

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