Clinical Application of Sorafenib for Treating Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Beyond

Author(s): Ping Wang, Xueying Sun.

Journal Name: Clinical Cancer Drugs

Volume 2 , Issue 2 , 2015

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Abstract:

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most frequent cause of cancer death in men worldwide, and is extremely resistant to chemotherapy. Sorafenib is a multi-targeted kinase inhibitor and a first-line systemic drug for advanced HCC, but demonstrates limited survival benefits. Therefore, investigating underlying mechanisms and seeking potential strategies to enhance its efficacy, or second-line treatments after the failure of sorafenib, have been launched. Methods: Research and content related to sorafenib and HCC were retrieved from online data resources including Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane and Clinicaltrial.gov. The article emphasizes on the clinical application of sorafenib in the management of HCC. Results: The present article reviews the epidemiology and pathogenesis of HCC, history of systemic treatments, molecular targets of sorafenib and its development history, Barcelona-Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system, analysis of completed and ongoing clinical trials including single-agent and combinational trials, the major guidelines, mechanisms for drug resistance and corresponding strategies, and future prospects. Conclusion: The mechanisms for hepatocarcinogenesis are very complicated and no single pathway or molecule has been shown to play a decisive role. Sorafenib is undoubtedly a great progress, but is yet not a precision-guided weapon for HCC. Further exploration of mechanisms by using modern computational technology and optimizing current staging system may be the ways to achieve the final goal of personalized therapy for HCC, but these efforts rely on global collaboration and disclosure of data, particularly those from clinical trials.

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma, sorafenib, clinical trials, drug resistance, barcelona-clinical liver cancer staging system, molecular targeted therapy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [128 - 137]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/2212697X02666150622154113
Price: $58

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