The Tendon Approximator Device in Traumatic Injuries

Author(s): Kamal S. Forootan, Hamid Karimi, Nazilla-Sadat S. Forootan.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Biotechnology

Volume 9 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

Background: Precise and tension-free approximation of two tendon endings is the key predictor of outcomes following tendon lacerations and repairs. We evaluate the efficacy of a new tendon approximator device in tendon laceration repairs. Materials & Methods: In a comparative study, we used our new tendon approximator device in 99 consecutive patients with laceration of 266 tendons who attend a university hospital and evaluated the operative time to repair the tendons, surgeons’ satisfaction as well as patient’s outcomes in a long-term follow-up. Data were compared with the data of control patients undergoing tendon repair by conventional method. Results: Totally 266 tendons were repaired by approximator device and 199 tendons by conventional technique. 78.7% of patients in first group were male and 21.2% were female. In approximator group 38% of patients had secondary repair of cut tendons and 62% had primary repair. Patients were followed for a mean period of 3years (14-60 months). Time required for repair of each tendon was significantly reduced with the approximator device (2 min vs. 5.5 min, p<0.0001). After 3-4 weeks of immobilization, passive and active physiotherapy was started. Functional Results of tendon repair were identical in the two groups and were not significantly different. 1% of tendons in group A and 1.2% in group B had rupture that was not significantly different. Discussion: The new nerve approximator device is cheap, feasible to use and reduces the time of tendon repair with sustained outcomes comparable to the conventional methods.

Keywords: Extensor tendon, flexor tendon, microsurgery, tendon repair, tendon approximator.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [22 - 29]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1872208309666150615142218

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