Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - Alzheimer Disorders

Volume: 3

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - Alzheimer Disorders is an e-Book series concerned with Alzheimer's disease (AD) that causes dementia, or loss of brain function. The disease affects the parts of ...
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The Development of Drug Therapies for Frontotemporal Dementia Caused by Progranulin Mutations

Pp. 231-291 (61)

Louis De Muynck and Philip Van Damme

Abstract

In this chapter, we discuss the development of therapies for frontotemporal dementia caused by progranulin mutations. Although this is a relatively rare and very specific form of neurodegeneration, the upstream disease cause, being haploinsufficiency of the growth factor progranulin, offers straightforward opportunities for therapy development. Substitution of the progranulin deficiency is likely to counteract the detrimental effects of progranulin haploinsufficiency in patients with frontotemporal dementia and may prevent the manifestation of the disease in presymptomatic mutation carriers. As progranulin has neurotrophic and antiinflammatory properties, therapeutic interventions aimed at augmenting progranulin levels may also become useful in other forms of neurodegeneration.

Keywords:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, C9orf72, drug development, frontotemporal dementia, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, granulin, haploinsufficiency, HDAC inhibitors, motor neuron disease, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, primary progressive aphasia, progranulin, TMEM106B.

Affiliation:

KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Department of Neurosciences, Experimental Neurology and Leuven Research Institute for Neuroscience and Disease (LIND) - VIB, Vesalius Research Center, Laboratory of Neurobiology, Leuven, Belgium - University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Neurology, Leuven, Belgium.