Current Hypertension Reviews

Prof. Kazuomi Kario
Jichi Medical University
School of Medicine
Tochigi
Japan

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Will Sodium Intake Reduction Improve Cardiovascular Outcomes in the General Population? A Critical Review of Current Evidence

Author(s): Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Adam Bednarski, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Danuta Czarnecka, Jan A. Staessen.

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

The data associating blood pressure to salt intake in humans comes from randomized clinical trials of interventions on dietary salt intake and population studies. Generally, estimates from meta-analyses are similar to those derived from prospective population studies (1.7 mm Hg change in systolic blood pressure per 100 mmol change in 24-hour urinary sodium). This observation, however, does not translate into a higher risk of incidence rate of hypertension in individuals consuming a highsalt diet. On the other hand, prospective studies relating cardiovascular outcomes to 24-h urinary sodium excretion produced inconsistent conclusions. Thus, available evidence does not support current recommendations of an indiscriminate and generalized reduction of salt intake in the general population.

Keywords: Blood pressure, cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular outcomes, salt restriction, salt, sodium.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [22 - 29]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573402111666150530205428