Voltage-gated Calcium Channels and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Author(s): Alexandra F. Breitenkamp, Jan Matthes, Stefan Herzig.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Pharmacology

Volume 8 , Issue 2 , 2015

Submit Manuscript
Submit Proposal

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Autism spectrum disorder is a complex-genetic disease and its etiology is unknown for the majority of cases. So far, more than one hundred different susceptibility genes were detected. Voltagegated calcium channels are among the candidates linked to autism spectrum disorder by results of genetic studies. Mutations of nearly all pore-forming and some auxiliary subunits of voltage gated calcium channels have been revealed from investigations of autism spectrum disorder patients and populations. Though there are only few electrophysiological characterizations of voltage-gated calcium channel mutations found in autistic patients these studies suggest their functional relevance. In summary, both genetic and functional data suggest a potential role of voltage-gated calcium channels in autism spectrum disorder. Future studies require refinement of the clinical and systems biological concepts of autism spectrum disorder and an appropriate holistic approach at the molecular level, e.g. regarding all facets of calcium channel functions.

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, candidate gene analyses, voltage-dependent calcium channel.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as


Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [123 - 132]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1874467208666150507105235
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 29
HTML: 3
EPUB: 2
PRC: 2