Structural Insights into Substrate Binding of Brown Spider Venom Class II Phospholipases D

Author(s): M.A. Coronado, A. Ullah, L.S. da Silva, D. Chaves-Moreira, L. Vuitika, O.M. Chaim, S.S. Veiga, J. Chahine, M.T. Murakami, R.K. Arni.

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 16 , Issue 8 , 2015

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Abstract:

Phospholipases D (PLDs), the major dermonecrotic factors from brown spider venoms, trigger a range of biological reactions both in vitro and in vivo. Despite their clinical relevance in loxoscelism, structural data is restricted to the apo-form of these enzymes, which has been instrumental in understanding the functional differences between the class I and II spider PLDs. The crystal structures of the native class II PLD from Loxosceles intermedia complexed with myo-inositol 1-phosphate and the inactive mutant H12A complexed with fatty acids indicate the existence of a strong ligand-dependent conformation change of the highly conserved aromatic residues, Tyr 223 and Trp225 indicating their roles in substrate binding. These results provided insights into the structural determinants for substrate recognition and binding by class II PLDs.

Keywords: Loxoscele, myo-inositol-1-phosphate, phospholipase D, sphingomyelin.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2015
Page: [768 - 774]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1389203716666150505231625
Price: $58

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