A Retrospective, Multi-Center Cohort Study Evaluating the Severity- Related Effects of Cerebrolysin Treatment on Clinical Outcomes in Traumatic Brain Injury

Author(s): Dafin F. Muresanu, Alexandru V. Ciurea, Radu M. Gorgan, Eva Gheorghita, Stefan I. Florian, Horatiu Stan, Alin Blaga, Nicolai Ianovici, Stefan M. Iencean, Dana Turliuc, Horia B. Davidescu, Cornel Mihalache, Felix M. Brehar, Anca . S. Mihăescu, Dinu C. Mardare, Aurelian Anghelescu, Carmen Chiparus, Magdalena Lapadat, Viorel Pruna, Dumitru Mohan, Constantin Costea, Daniel Costea, Claudiu Palade, Narcisa Bucur, Jesus Figueroa, Anton Alvarez.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2015

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Abstract:

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability for which there is currently no effective drug therapy available. Because drugs targeting a single TBI pathological pathway have failed to show clinical efficacy to date, pleiotropic agents with effects on multiple mechanisms of secondary brain damage could represent an effective option to improve brain recovery and clinical outcome in TBI patients. In this multicenter retrospective study, we investigated severity-related efficacy and safety of the add-on therapy with two concentrations (20 ml/day or 30 ml/day) of Cerebrolysin (EVER Neuro Pharma, Austria) in TBI patients. Adjunctive treatment with Cerrebrolysin started within 48 hours after TBI and clinical outcomes were ranked according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale and the Modified Rankin Disability Score at 10 and 30 days post-TBI. Analyses of efficacy were performed separately for subgroups of patients with mild, moderate or severe TBI according to Glasgow Coma Scale scores at admission. Compared to standard medical care alone (control group), both doses of Cerebrolysin were associated with improved clinical outcome scores at 10 days post-TBI in mild patients and at 10 and 30 days in moderate and severe cases. A dose-dependent effect of Cerebrolysin on TBI recovery was supported by the dose-related differences and the significant correlations with treatment duration observed for outcome measures. The safety and tolerability of Cerebrolysin in TBI patients was very good. In conclusion, the results of this large retrospective study revealed that early Cerebrolysin treatment is safe and is associated to improved TBI outcome.

Keywords: Cerebrolysin, disability, functional recovery, neuroprotection, clinical outcome, traumatic brain injury.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2015
Page: [587 - 599]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1871527314666150430162531
Price: $58

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