Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD in Youth
Patricia L. Gerbarg,
Richard P. Brown.
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in psychiatry or integrative psychiatry covers a
wide range of biological, psychological and mind-body treatments that enhance standard medical practices and patient
outcomes. While CAM approaches are popular among patients, health professionals have received limited education in
these interventions and they are often unaware of their patients’ use of CAM treatments.
Method: This overview highlights evidence-based CAM treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
including dietary interventions, phytomedicines, mind-body practices and neurofeedback.
Results: While conventional treatments are the mainstays for ADHD, there are a large number of available treatments that
can be used to enhance treatment response.
Conclusion: With improved education and further scientific and clinical research, validated integrative treatments will
provide more effective, lower risk and lower cost care for patients with ADHD.
Keywords: Complementary and alternative medicine, ADHD, diet, herbs, melatonin, nootrophics, yoga, breathing practices,
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