Nutrition and Physical Activity on Hypertension: Implication of Current Evidence and Guidelines
Hypertension (HTN) is the leading cause of worldwide mortality and is responsible for
approximately 40% of deaths from cardiovascular disease, chronicle kidney disease (CKD) and type
2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) according to the World Health Organization (WHO). It is known that
about 80% of all mortality from cardiovascular disorders could be prevented if a healthy diet and
higher levels of physical activity were included among general population’s lifestyle. Besides, guidelines for the treatment
and control of HTN were recently modified for adequate nutritional and physical activity recommendations highlighted in
meta-analysis and strong evidences such as randomized clinical trials. Therefore, to discuss nutrition and physical activity
in the context of HTN seems to be crucial.
Keywords: Blood pressure, diet, dietary, exercise, hypertension, muscle stretching exercises, sodium.
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