Topical Delivery of Drugs for the Effective Treatment of Fungal Infections of Skin

Author(s): Nida Akhtar , Anurag Verma , Kamla Pathak .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 21 , Issue 20 , 2015

Abstract:

The prevalence of fungal infections of skin has increased rapidly, affecting approximately 40 million people across the globe. A wide variety of antifungal drugs has been utilized in the effective management of numerous dermatological infections. Topical treatment of fungal infections has proved to be quite advantageous due to various factors like targeting the site of infection, minimizing systemic side effects, enhanced efficacy of treatment, and improved patient compliance. In spite the fact that these agents are therapeutically active on topical application, these have restricted drug delivery across the skin resulting in insufficient therapeutic index and may exert local as well as systemic side effects. The accomplishment of topical drug delivery needs to pacify two anomalous aspects, first the barrier nature of stratum corneum, and second, deposition of drug within the skin should be ideally achieved with limited percutaneous absorption. Thus, to facilitate the delivery of antifungal drugs and improve the treatment aspects, various novel delivery carriers have been developed. This article attempts to provide an in-depth knowledge of nanoparticulate and vesicular carriers. This article focuses on the different aspects of fungal infections and their effective treatment with antifungal drugs. Efficacy of various carrier systems (nanoparticulate and vesicular carriers) in delivering antifungal drugs topically has also been discussed. Besides, compiling various research reports, this article also includes formulation considerations inclusive of regulatory aspects of excipients used, the mechanisms of penetration, and patents reported.

Keywords: Antifungals, delivery systems, fungal diseases, penetration, therapeutics.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 20
Year: 2015
Page: [2892 - 2913]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/1381612821666150428150456
Price: $58

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